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Reckon’s guide to abortion in Missouri

In June, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the long-held right to an abortion for every American and left abortion access up to each state for the first time in 50 years. That led to most abortions being banned in Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota and Texas. We know more states have existing laws banning abortion that will soon take effect or will pass new laws to ban the procedure.

Information about abortion is changing quickly across the country. And in some states where abortion is already outlawed, healthcare professionals are navigating vague laws that raise questions about whether they’re able to share medically accurate information about the procedure.

Reckon is producing state-by-state guides to help our readers in states with bans understand where and how they can still find the science-based information they need about abortion. We relied on databases such as ineedana.com, talked to community-based abortion workers and verified information with local clinics.

Each guide includes information about current state law, information about the closest open abortion clinics and information about medication abortion.

The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), the country’s leading membership organization for OB-GYNs, reiterated shortly before the Supreme Court ruling that abortion is essential healthcare.

Editor’s note: The abortion landscape is evolving rapidly. Our coverage reflects the most up-to-date information we have at the time of publication. Please contact us if you see anything in our stories that should be updated.

About the law

Type of ban: Total

Exceptions: Threat to the patient’s life and physical health

Are there doctors in Missouri currently providing abortions? Only in cases where the pregnancy threatens a patient’s life or physical health

After the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its Dobbs opinion in June, Missouri’s 2019 trigger law went into effect, banning all abortions except in cases where the life of the patient is threatened. The law makes no exceptions for rape or incest.

Abortion providers who violate the law can be found guilty of a class B felony, which could result in five to 15 years in prison and revocation of their medical license. While Missouri’s abortion ban specifically exempts patients who seek abortions from prosecution for conspiracy, some local prosecutors have said it’s possible a patient could still be prosecuted for self-managing an abortion.

Access to abortion medication via telemedicine

Missouri law explicitly bans abortions via telemedicine. But patients can seek abortion medication in nearby states where it’s legal, or try to access the medication by mail. The Food and Drug Administration has approved abortion medication for use up to 10 weeks of pregnancy.

U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland has said that states cannot ban mifepristone because it has been approved by the FDA. Missouri’s abortion law specifically exempts the person who receives an abortion from criminal liability. But Missouri’s attorney general has not specifically said whether a person who chooses to self-manage an abortion with medication could be prosecuted under other Missouri laws.

Who will enforce abortion-related laws?

Missouri State Attorney General Eric Schmitt and local prosecutors will enforce laws.

Schmitt has said his office will “continue the fight to protect all life, born and unborn” but he hasn’t elaborated on how exactly he would do that. Prosecuting attorneys in St. Louis County and Jackson County have either signed a letter pledging not to prosecute people who have had abortions or have spoken publicly about being unlikely to bring abortion cases to trial.

Closest abortion provider to major metro areas in Missouri (as identified by ineedana.com)

Kansas City metro area

Planned Parenthood Overland Park

  • Address: 4401 W 109th Street #100, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 345-1400
  • Medication and in-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks and 6 days’ gestation.

Center for Women’s Health

  • Address: 4840 College Blvd, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 491-6878, (800) 733-2404
  • Abortions are available but the center declined to share additional details.

CARE – Clinics for Abortion & Reproductive Excellence

  • Address: 1002 W Mission Ave, Bellevue, NE 68005
  • Phone: (402) 291-4797
  • Medication and in-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks and six days gestation

St. Louis metro area

Hope Clinic for Women

  • Address: 1602 21st St, Granite City, IL 62040
  • Phone: (618) 451-5722
  • In-clinic abortions available up to 23 weeks and 6 days and medication abortion available under 11 weeks.

Planned Parenthood Fairview Heights Health Center

  • Address: 317 Salem Place, Fairview Heights, IL 62208
  • Phone: (618) 277-6668
  • In-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks and 6 days gestation. Medication abortion available up to 10 weeks and 6 days gestation.

Planned Parenthood Springfield Health Center

  • Address 601 N. Bruns, Springfield, IL 62702
  • Phone: (217) 546-1060
  • In-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks and 6 days gestation. Medication abortion available up to 10 weeks and 6 days gestation.

Springfield metro area

Center for Women’s Health

  • Address: 4840 College Blvd, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 491-6878, (800) 733-2404
  • Abortions are available but the center declined to share additional details.

Planned Parenthood Overland Park

  • Address: 4401 W. 109th St #100, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 345-1400
  • Medication and in-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks and 6 days gestation.

Hope Clinic for Women

  • Address: 1602 21st St, Granite City, IL 62040
  • Phone: (618) 451-5722
  • In-clinic abortions available up to 23 weeks and 6 days and medication abortion available under 11 weeks.

Columbia metro area

Hope Clinic for Women

  • Address: 1602 21st St, Granite City, IL 62040
  • Phone: (618) 451-5722
  • In-clinic abortions available up to 23 weeks and 6 days and medication abortion available under 11 weeks.

Planned Parenthood Overland Park

  • Address: 4401 W. 109th St #100, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 345-1400
  • Medication and in-clinic abortions available up to 21 weeks & six days gestation.

Center for Women’s Health

  • Address: 4840 College Blvd, Overland Park, KS 66211
  • Phone: (913) 491-6878, (800) 733-2404
  • Abortions are available but the center declined to share additional details.

Local notes

For many Missourians, Kansas is the closest state to access legal abortion. But an upcoming statewide vote could change that.

Kansas currently allows for abortions up to 22 weeks of pregnancy, thanks to a 2019 state Supreme Court ruling that determined the Kansas Bill of Rights protects a woman’s right to decide whether to continue a pregnancy.

On Aug. 2, Kansans will vote on an amendment to would alter the state constitution to say it doesn’t guarantee a right to abortions. If that amendment passes, the door would open for the state legislature – currently controlled by Republicans – to pass laws restricting or banning abortion.

In other news, metro areas including Kansas City, St. Louis County and St. Louis City have recently announced efforts to provide funding to help their employees seek out-of-state abortions. But Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt has said he would sue any city or county that attempts to authorize what he calls taxpayer-funded abortions, citing a state statute that prohibits using public funds for abortions.

Additional resources

The Reckon state-by-state abortion guides were reported by Abbey Crain, Anna Claire Vollers, Anna Beahm, John Hammontree, Sarah Swetlik of the Alabama Education Lab and Erica Hensley of the Fuller Project. Clarissa Brooks, Alexis Wray, Katie Johnston, Madison Underwood and Abbey Crain provided graphics. R.L. Nave, John Hammontree, Ruth Serven Smith and Kelly Scott edited the guides.

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