In June, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the long-held right to an abortion for every American and left abortion access up to each state for the first time in 50 years. That led to most abortions being banned in Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Dakota and Texas. We know more states have existing laws banning abortion that will soon take effect or will pass new laws to ban the procedure.
Information about abortion is changing quickly across the country. And in some states where abortion is already outlawed, healthcare professionals are navigating vague laws that raise questions about whether they’re able to share medically accurate information about the procedure.
Reckon is producing state-by-state guides to help our readers in states with bans understand where and how they can still find the science-based information they need about abortion. We relied on databases such as ineedana.com, talked to community-based abortion workers and verified information with local clinics.
Each guide includes information about current state law, information about the closest open abortion clinics and information about medication abortion.
The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), the country’s leading membership organization for OB-GYNs, reiterated shortly before the Supreme Court ruling that abortion is essential healthcare.
Editor’s note: The abortion landscape is evolving rapidly. Our coverage reflects the most up-to-date information we have at the time of publication. Please contact us if you see anything in our stories that should be updated.
About the law
Type of ban: Total ban from fertilization
Exceptions: Threat to patient’s life/health, rape and incest (limited and reported cases)
Are there doctors in Oklahoma currently providing abortions? In limited cases, only to save the life of the patient.
Gov. Kevin Stitt, who promised to sign any anti-abortion legislation that crossed his desk, has signed several such bills in the last year, including some that conflict with one another. Taking all the laws together, anyone who assists in an abortion, conducted at any point in a pregnancy, can be sued. In August, abortion also will be considered a criminal offense for providers who are not approved physicians in hospitals.
After the overturn of Roe v. Wade, Oklahoma immediately prohibited abortions under a 1910 statute, which says that unless the patient’s life is at risk, anyone performing an abortion can be punished by two to five years in prison. Attorney General John O’Connor has said the law is in full effect, and that many current statutes would be repealed on June 24.
Earlier this year, Stitt signed SB612, another statewide abortion ban, which will take effect in August. This law states that physicians who perform an abortion outside of state guidelines can be charged with a felony, punishable by up to 10 years in prison and $100,000 in fines.
Two bills passed in the last year allow civil lawsuits against anyone who assists a patient in performing an abortion, though the patient themself is exempt from prosecution. One of the bills also states that the person transporting the patient cannot be prosecuted if they are unaware that the patient intends to terminate the pregnancy.
Access to abortion medication via telemedicine
A new law enacted this year bans using, selling or administering any abortion medication or drug with intent to terminate a pregnancy in the state, even though abortion pills are approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland has said that states cannot ban mifepristone because it has been approved by the FDA. Aidaccess.org, an international non-profit, provides doctor-led consultations and mails abortion pills to any state in the country.
Closest abortion provider to major metro areas in Oklahoma (as identified by ineedana.com)
- Address: 2226 E Central Ave, Wichita, Kansas, 67214
- Phone: (316) 263-7575
- Medication abortion up to 11 weeks, in-clinic procedures based on physician availability
- Address: 5107 E Kellogg Drive, Wichita Kansas, 67218
- Phone: (316) 260-6934
- Medication abortion up to 11 weeks, in-clinic procedures up to 21 weeks, 6 days
- Address: 4840 College Blvd, Overland Park, Kansas 66211-1601
- Phone: (913) 491-6878
- Address: 3480 Centennial Blvd, Colorado Springs, CO 80907
- Phone: (719) 475-7162
- Medication abortion up to 11 weeks, in-clinic procedures up to 24 weeks
- Address: 522 Lomas Blvd NE, Albuquerque, NM 87102
- Phone: (505) 242-7512
- Medication abortion up to 11 weeks, in-clinic procedures up to 32 weeks
- ** Booked until July 26, according to providers
- Address: 2301 Yale Blvd SE, Suite E, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87106
- Phone: (505) 925-4455
- Medication abortion up to 12 weeks, in-clinic procedures up to 23 weeks, 6 days
Various, sometimes conflicting laws, may impact providers, patients and advocates:
A Texas-style full abortion ban, HB4372, prohibits abortions from the time of fertilization and allows private citizens to sue anyone who performs an abortion or knowingly assists a patient in getting one. They can sue for up to $10,000.
The Oklahoma Heartbeat Act, SB1503, which Stitt signed in early May, prohibits abortion after a fetal heartbeat can be detected also allows citizens to sue anyone who “aids or abets” an abortion for $10,000.
One state law allows abortions after rape or incest, provided the crime is reported to law enforcement, but another makes no exceptions for survivors. The Oklahoma Heartbeat Act does state that no one who impregnated a patient through rape, incest or sexual assault is permitted to bring civil action. It is not clear how providers or law enforcement will determine appropriate guidelines.
- A how-to-guide for understanding and maintaining digital privacy (Digital Defense Fund)
- Identify the closest abortion provider(ineedana.com)
- Find information on abortion pills (Plan C)
- Learn more about abortion pills by mail (Aid Access)
- Repro Legal Defense Fund covers bail and funds strong defenses for people targeted by police or prosecutors for ending their own pregnancy outside a clinical setting (Repro Legal Defense Fund)
The Reckon state-by-state abortion guides were reported by Abbey Crain, Anna Claire Vollers, Anna Beahm, John Hammontree, Sarah Swetlik of the Alabama Education Lab and Erica Hensley of the Fuller Project. Clarissa Brooks, Alexis Wray, Katie Johnston, Madison Underwood and Abbey Crain provided graphics. R.L. Nave, John Hammontree, Ruth Serven Smith and Kelly Scott edited the guides.